Predicting time to reclassification for English learners: A joint modeling approach
The development of academic English proficiency and the time it takes to reclassify to fluent English proficient status are key issues in English learner (EL) policy. This article develops a shared random effects model (SREM) to estimate English proficiency development and time to reclassification simultaneously, treating student-specific random effects as latent covariates in the time to reclassification model. Using data from a large Arizona school district, the SREM resulted in predictions of time to reclassification that were 93% accurate compared to 85% accuracy from a conventional discrete-time hazard model used in prior literature. The findings suggest that information about English-language development is critical for accurately predicting the grade an EL will reclassify.See More
This article was published outside of NWEA. The full text can be found at the link above.