It matters how you start: Early numeracy mastery predicts high school math course-taking and college attendance
Infant and Child Development. https://doi.org/10.1002/icd.2281
Using data from the Applied Problems subtest of the Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Achievement (Woodcock & Johnson, 1989/1990, Woodcock-Johnson psycho-educational battery-revised. Allen, TX: DLM Teaching Resources) administered to 1,364 children from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Childcare and Youth Development (SECCYD), this study measures children’s mastery of three numeric competencies (counting, concrete representational arithmetic and abstract arithmetic operations) at 54 months of age.See More
This article was published outside of NWEA. The full text can be found at the link above.